Positive airway pressure (PAP) is a method of respiratory ventilation used primarily in the treatment of sleep apnea, for which it was first developed. PAP ventilation is also commonly used for critically ill patients in hospital with respiratory failure, and in newborn infants (neonates). In these patients, PAP ventilation can prevent the need for tracheal intubation, or allow earlier extubation. Sometimes patients with neuromuscular diseases use this variety of ventilation as well. CPAP is an acronym for Continuous PAP, a variation of the PAP system which was first developed by Professor Colin Sullivan at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital in Sydney, Australia, in 1981.Read more on Wikipedia
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