Tracheal intubation (usually simply referred to as intubation) is the placement of a flexible plastic catheter into the trachea. This invasive medical procedure is frequently performed in critically injured, ill or anesthetized patients in order to facilitate positive pressure ventilation of the lungs, including mechanical ventilation, and to prevent the possibility of pulmonary aspiration or airway obstruction. The most widely used route for tracheal intubation is orotracheal, in which an endotracheal tube is passed through the oropharynx, glottis and larynx into the trachea. Another route for tracheal intubation is nasotracheal, in which an endotracheal tube is passed through the nasopharynx, glottis and larynx into the trachea. Other routes for intubation of the trachea include the cricothyrotomy (used almost exclusively in emergency circumstances) and the tracheotomy (used primarily in circumstances where a prolonged need for airway support is anticipated).Read more on Wikipedia
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